Maximianus – 286-305 AD

Maximianus

Maximian-bust

First Reign 286 – 305 AD
Second Reign 306 – 308 AD


Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus was given the rank of co-emperor by Diocletian in the year following the latter’s victory over Carinus. On the division of the empire between the two Augustii his assigned area of responsibility was the West, a task with which he was later assisted by the Caesar Constantius, appointed in 293 AD. At the same time Galerius was made Caesar in the East, to help Diocletian, thus completing the arrangements for the First Tetrarchy, which lasted until the joint abdication of the two Augustii in 305.

MAX-GC3

Second Reign
306 – 308 AD

Maximianus had been anxious to return to public life ever since his reluctant abdication in 305 AD. He therefore seized the opportunity to associate himself with his son, Maxentius, when the latter was proclaimed emperor in Rome in opposition to Severus II (306 AD). After the defeat of Severus II, Maximianus formed an alliance with Constantine, who married his daughter Fausta in the spring of 307 AD.


Monetary System

Mints: Alexandria, Antioch, Aquileia, Carthage, Clausentum, Cyzicus, Heraclea, London, Lugdunum, Nicomedia, Rome, Siscia, Ticinum, Treveri, Tripolis

Obverse Legends:

First Reign Pre-Reform

IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG
IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG
IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG

First Reign Post-Reform

MAXIMIANVS AVGVSTVS
IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG
IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG
IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG

Period of Retirement

D N MAXIMIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG

Second Reign

MAXIMIANVS P F AVG
IMP MAXIMIANVS P F S AVG
D N MAXIMIANO P F S AVG

Second Retirement

D N MAXIMIANO BAEATISS

Posthumous Coinage

(by Maxentius)

DIVO MAXIMIANO PATRI MAXENTIVS

(by Constantine I)

DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP


DENOMINATIONS

First Reign (286 – 305 AD)

AU Aureus (6.54 grams)
AU Quinarius (6.54 grams)
Æ Antoninianus
Æ Denarius (3.54 grams)
Æ Quinarius (3.54 grams)
Æ As
Æ Semis

Post-Reform

AU Aureus (6.54 grams)
AR Argentius (3.54 grams)
Æ ¼ Follis
Æ Antoninianus

During Retirement (305 – 306 AD)

Æ Follis
Æ ½ Follis

Second Reign (306 – 308 AD)

Maximian-AU-2ndReign

AU Aureus (6.54 grams)
AR Argentius (3.54 grams)
AR ½ Argentius (3.54 grams)
Æ Follis


The Monetary History of the World
© Martin A. Armstrong