Plotina – Wife of Trajan

Plotina

Wife of Trajan
Born 70 AD – Died 129 AD


Pompeia Plotina was born in Nemausus (Nimes) in Gaul around 70 AD. Plotina married Trajan before he was elevated to the throne and apparently never bore any children. She was famed for her simplicity, dignity and virtue and the historian Cassio Dio tells us that when Plotina entered the imperial palace she turned and spoke to the crowd. “I enter here such a woman as I would frain be when I depart.”

Plotina did engage in some intrigue by encouraging her favorite Hadrian to marry Trajan’s niece Sabina (granddaughter of Trajan’s sister Marciana) against the Emperor’s wishes. This, however, was not the only family link between Hadrian and Trajan. Apparently, Trajan’s father was the brother of Hadrian’s grandfather. Nonetheless, Plotina was largely responsible for the succession of Hadrian in 117 AD. Some stories accused her of forging documents that sealed the adoption of Hadrian making him heir to the thrown. Indeed, Hadrian was never raised to the rank of Caesar, but appears to have been a close friend. Whether or not Plotina forged the documents is not certain but at the very least Trajan certainly waited to the very last minute. Plotina died during Hadrian’s reign in 129 AD, and was duly consecrated.


Monetary System

Mints: Rome

Obverse legends:

PLOTINA AVG IMP TRAJANI

DENOMINATIONS

Plotina Aureus Denarius Sesterius

AU Aureus (7.28 grams)
AU Aureus (with Matidia)
AU Quinarius
AR Denarius (3.00 grams)
AE Sesterius

Plotina-Matidia AU Aureus

AU Aureus (reverse with Matidia)
AU Aureus (reverse with Hadrian)


The Monetary History of the World
 © Martin A. Armstrong