Valerian II Caesar – 253-255 AD

Valerian II

253-255 AD
Eldest son of Gallienus


Publius Licinius Cornelius Valerianus was the older son of Gallienus and Salonina. As a youth, he was raised to the rank of Caesar in 253 AD. He apparently died two years later in 255 AD. He was too young to participate in any major events during his father’s reign. Following his death, his younger brother Saloninusreplaced him within his father’s administration this becoming the new heir to the throne.


Monetary System

Mints: Rome, Antioch, Cyzicus, Milan, Siscia

Obverse Legends:

As Caesar (253-255 AD)

VALERIANVS CAES
P C L VALERIANVS NOB CAES

Posthumus struck by Valerian and Gallienus

DIVO CAES VALERIANO
DIVO VALERIANO CAES
DIVO CAESARI VALERIANO

DENOMINATIONS

AU Aureus (6.54 grams)
AR Antoninianus
Æ Antoninianus
AR Denarius (3.54 grms)
AR Quinarius (1.58 grms)
Æ Sesterius
Æ As


Posthumous Coinage

Note: The posthumous silver coinage of Valerian II undergoes a severe debasement in the post-259 AD period. At first, the very earliest issues are minted in a fine white silver composition. After late 259AD, the antoninianus becomes debased to the point where the silver content is less than 40% giving the coinage a distinct light chocolate bronze appearance, which in turn was coated with a thin silver wash. Fine silver antoninianii are much rarer than those of the billion variety.

AU Aureus (6.54 grams)
AR Antoninianus
Æ Billion Antoninianus (silver washed)
AR Quinarius (1.58 grms)
Æ Billion Quinarius (silver washed)
Æ Sesterius
Æ Dupondius
Æ As


Monetary History of the World
©Martin A. Armstrong