Philip II – 247-249 AD

Philip II

As Caesar 244-247 AD
As Augustus 247-249 AD


Marcus Julius Philippus II was the son of Philip I and Otacilia Severa. He was raised to the rank of Caesar at the time of his father’s accession to the throne in 244 AD. By some accounts, Philip II was all but 5 or 6 years old. Almost three years later, Philip II was raised to the rank of Augustus and made co-emperor with his father.

Philip I faced 5 usurpers during his short reign. The last was Trajan Decius, commander of the northern legions. Trajan was hailed emperor by his troops and marched on Rome. Philip I set out to confront this new usurper but was defeated and killed during the battle. Philip II was then murdered by the Praetorian Guard in Rome once news had reached them about the victory of Decius.


Monetary System

Mints: Antioch, Rome

Obverse Legends:

As Caesar

M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES

As Augustus

IMP PHILIPPVS AVG
IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG


DENOMINATIONS

As Caesar

AU Aureus (6.54 grams)
AR Antoninianus
AR Denarius (3.54 grms)
AR Quinarius (1.58 grms)
Æ Sesterius
Æ Dupondius
Æ As
Æ Tetradrachm (Egypt)

As Augustus

AU Aureus (6.54 grams)
AR Antoninianus
AR Quinarius (1.58 grms)
Æ Sesterius
Æ Dupondius
Æ As
Æ Tetradrachm (Egypt)


Monetary History of the World
by Martin A. Armstrong
© Princeton Economic Institute