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Octavia – 1st Wife

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Octavia Bust C

Daughter of Claudius
First wife of Nero

Claudia Octavia was the daughter of Claudius and Messalina. She was born around 40 AD and married Nero in 53 AD. Claudia Octavia was Nero’s first wife, and he was not fond of her in the least. Their marriage was purely political, and it paved the way for Nero’s ascent to the throne.

In 55 AD, Nero, or more likely his mother Agrippina, Jr., poisoned her older brother Britannicus. Claudia Octavia who was beloved by the people of Rome but hated by Nero. It was Nero, under the influence of his mistress Poppaea Sabina, who became pregnant and pushed Nero to divorce her in 62AD. Nero banished Claudia Octavia at first to Campania. However, later she was imprisoned on the island of Pandateria on the false pretense that she had committed ‘adultery.’ The People of Rome demanded her return, but she was soon executed on the orders of Poppaea. She was beheaded, and her head was given to his ruthless Poppaea as a token of Nero’s affection.

Monetary System

Claudia Octavia with Nero Egyptian Tetradrachm

Mints: Corinth, Crete, Egypt, Judaea, Sinope, and Thrace

Obverse Legends:




Æ 20 of Corinth
Æ 20 of Paphlagonia (Portrait)

Claudia Octavia Nero Crete AE27 RPC 1006


AE27 CRETE, Cnossus (Bare hd drapery on lf shoulder & sceptre rt/Octavia w/crescent abv facing Nero star abv)

Claudia Octavia with Nero Egyptian Tetradrachm


AR Tetradrachm Claudia Octavia/Nero

Claudia Octavia JUDAEA with Agrippina_Junior RPC 4845.5


Æ19 JUDAEA Agrippina Jr seated left/Octavia Standing


 Æ22 Nero/Claudia Octavia

Claudia Octavia AE28 Perinthus RPC 1755

THRACE, Perinthus

Æ28 bust rt / statue of Hera

Monetary History of the World
© Martin A. Armstrong