Jovian – 363-364 AD

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363-364 AD

Flavius Jovianus was born in Singidunum (Belgrade), the son of Varronianus. Jovian rose through the ranks under Constantius II and later under Julian. Despite his Christian beliefs, Jovian rose within the court of Julian to be a man of respect.

During an ill-fated expedition to Persia, the death of Julian II placed Jovian in a position where he was hailed as Emperor by the troops. His first job was to withdraw his troops from the dangerous situation they had found themselves in under Julian’s command. His troops were exhausted, and the continued attacks by Shapur II forced Jovian into a treaty under which parts of Armenia and Mesopotamia were given up to the Persians. With a humiliating peace concluded Jovian finally arrived at Antioch, where he immediately repealed Julian’s pagan policy and declared Christianity the Empire’s official religion.

Jovian then set out for Constantinople, carrying Julian’s body back. Somewhere along the way, Jovian died. The cause of his death is unclear, but it may have been from poisonous charcoal used to warm his tent. With the end of Jovian, the leading generals conferred among themselves and elected Valentinian I as Emperor even though Julian’s heir was intended to be a maternal relative named Procopius.

Monetary System

Mints: Alexandria, Antioch, Arelate, Aquileia, Constantinople, Cyzicus, Heraclea, London, Lugdunum, Nicomedia, Rome, Siscia, Sirmium, Thessalonica,

Obverse Legends:



AU Solidus (4.50 grams)
AU 1.5 Scripulum (1.65 grams)
AR Miliarense (4.50 grams)
AR 1.5 Siliqua (3.25 grams)
AR Reduced Siliqua (2.25 grams)
AE1(restored follis)
AE3 (Hd left & Hd right)

The Monetary History of the World
© Martin A. Armstrong