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Ptolemy III- 246-221 BC

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Monetary History of Egypt

Ptolemaic Dynasty

Ptolemy III Euergetes. Bust

Ptolemy III Euergeter I
246-222 BC

Ptolemy III Euergeter I was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. He was the son ofPtolemy II Philadelphus and Arsinoe II (his first wife) and was married to Berenike II, his sister.

Ptolemy III’s elder sister was given in marraige to Antiochos II of the Seleukid Empire (Syria). Upon her murder, Ptolemy III began a series was wars during the early part of his reign to avenge his sister’s death. It was during the Third Syrian War of Ptolemy III, he discovered the main port in the Axumite kingdom, which was very important to the trade of ivory. While Ptolemy III was absent from Egypt, his wife Berenike II ruled Egypt. After trouble in Egypt broke out, Ptolemy was forced to abandon his attempt to take the Seleukids and return to Egypt. He died in 222 BC.

Monetary System


Potolemy III-Berenike II

Portrait Ptolemy II & Berneike II

AU Oktadrachm (27.8 grams)
AU Tetradrachm (13.9 grams)
AU Didrachm (6.95 grams)
AU Drachm (3.45 grams)

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Portrait of Berneike II alone (Attic standard)

AU Dekadrachm (42.8 grams)
AU Pentadrachm (21.4 grams)
AU 2½ Drachm (10.7 grams)
AU Drachm (4.3 grams)
AU Hemidrachm (2.15 grams)
AU Trihemiobol (1.07 grams)
AR Dekadrachm (51.6 grams)
AR Pentadrachm (21 grams)
AR 2½ Drachm (10.2 grams)

Portrait of Berneike II alone (Egyptian standard)

AR Dekadrachm (35 grams)

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Portrait of Ptolemy III alone

AR Tetradrachm (14.2 grams)

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Postumous Coinage of Ptolemy I

AR Tetradrachm (14.2 grams)

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With Portrait Zeus


Coinage of Alexander the Great


Monetary History of the World
© Martin A. Armstrong